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Nathanael Hardy on Conditional Satisfaction (Contra the Double-Payment dilemma)

January 26, 2009


When, therefore, we say God would that Christ should lay down a price sufficient, and so applicable to every man, it is to be understood in a conditional way, upon the terms of faith and repentance. And hence it is, that though Christ dying suffered that punishment which was designed to be satisfactory for the sins of every man, yet God doth justly inflict the punishment upon the persons of all them who are not by faith partakers of Christ’s death, because it was intended to satisfy for them only upon condition of believing.

Nathanael Hardy, The First General Epistle of St John the Apostle, Unfolded and Applied (Edinburgh: James Nichol, 1865), 140. [Underlining mine.]

[Notes: As this stands, hardy’s brief comment would not be persuasive to some, but when his thought is combined with that of C Hodge or Edward Polhill the point is clear. The penal satisfaction of Christ (unlike a pecuniary satisfaction) does not ipso facto discharge all those for whom it was made. A condition is annexed to it. Upon completion of this condition, the benefit of the satisfaction is reckoned to the penitent; but not before. Prior to the this condition being met, the sinner is still subject to the wrath and punishment of God. Lastly, what Hardy says here on conditional unlimited satisfaction exactly images the language of Ursinus and Paraeus.]

3 Comments leave one →
  1. CalvinandCalvinism permalink*
    March 19, 2009 6:44 pm

    Hey there,

    Thanks for stopping by. No, Hardy saw the expiation and redemption as having a two-fold aspect or dual-aspect. It has a general reference and a special reference.

    Christ died for all men in one sense, but also died especially for the elect to infallibly secure the salvation.

    If you like, check out Paraeus or Scudder, or here.

    Hope that helps,

  2. CalvinandCalvinism permalink*
    March 19, 2009 6:52 pm

    Like all the classic Augustinians, the whole world is redeemed because of the blood shed for all. However, the believer is redeemed because blood of Christ is applied. See Prosper for example, or Ambrose.

    Take care,

  3. CalvinandCalvinism permalink*
    March 19, 2009 7:04 pm

    Thanks for the kind words. Be sure to check out the indexes. At the top there is scripture index and a subject index as well as a comprehensive meta-links index.


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